How to get smart again
Current US history and civic knowledge among American citizens is not good. And worse, it seems as if the extremists are the only ones who care about that stuff. Moderates are choosing to “tune out” from the political process – making it more difficult for consensus to happen.
So what? What’s our role as social studies teachers?
A few suggestions:
The premise is simple: poll citizens on a major issue, blind; then see how their opinions evolve when they’re forced to confront the facts. What Fishkin has found is that while people start out with deep value disagreements over, say, government spending, they tend to agree on rational policy responses once they learn the ins and outs of the budget.
2. Replace large, expensive, boring textbooks with well-written, engaging, smaller ones. Niall Ferguson calls these 10 pound history books
an encyclopedia without the convenience of alphabetical order.
And design them to be web-friendly . . . connected to web sites and primary sources and photos and video clips and live news reports and outside experts. Build in social media connections. Not just the same old textbooks put online or in some sort of iPad app format that reads exactly the same. (Though that format would at least allow anywhere, anytime access.) We need a true e-book with true interactive features.
Very few of us have the time, tech skills and history content knowledge to do this on our own. But we can be a bit more picky when selecting classroom materials. Textbooks like Joy Hakim’s The History of US and web sites like NARA’s DocsTeach give us more flexibility then traditional textbooks.
3. Use more video games and simulations. More and more companies are designing awesome games specifically for the educational market.
4. We need to ask better questions. We need to make history and government more of a mystery. What many kids get out of textbooks and traditional instruction is what author Philip Roth calls “the sense of inevitability.”
Do we know what’s going to happen in Libya and in middle eastern countries? Will China actually become a superpower? In the moment, no one really knows what’s going to happen but we teach history as if what actually happened was “inevitable.”
The American Revolution was not a done deal in 1776. The Confederacy was one victory away from gaining a possible ally in England. The Depression didn’t have to happen the way it did. Roth says that
the terror of the unseen is what the science of history hides.
We lose the “unseen” when we don’t ask good questions and encourage kids to solve interesting problems
We can do better. And based on the results of Newsweek’s research, we probably need to.